بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Article explaining the benefits Regarding Dhul-Hijjah.
Allaah swore by the 10 nights of Dhul-Hijjah as Allaah, the Most High, said:
By the ten nights (i.e. the first ten days of the month of Dhul-Hijjah). [Al-Quraan 89:2]
Ibn Katheer, may Allaah have mercy upon him, said about this Verse:
“The ten nights’ refers to the (first) ten of Dhul-Hijjah. This was said by Ibn `Abbaas, Ibn Zubayr, Mujaahid and others among the Salaf and the latter generations.”
Ibnul-Qayyim, may Allaah have mercy upon him, said:
“Verily the dawn of the ten nights is a time period that contains actions that are magnified by rituals & magnified places, and it is from the rites of Allaah which entails humility of a servant to his Lord for verily Hajj and its rites is a worship solely for Allaah which necessitates humility and submission to his his greatness, and these traits are the opposite of the traits of the people of ‘Aad, Thamuud & Pharaoh from that which they had from haughtiness, arrogance and pomposity.
Those nations were a transgressive people who were too prideful to carry out the commands of their Lord, so a time period which contains such righteous actions is deserving to be sworn upon by the mighty and Majestic Lord”.[Badaa’I At-Tafseer, Vol. 3, Pg. 296]
It Is Considered To Be From The Forty Days That Allaah Appointed Muusaa عليه السلام With
“وَوَاعَدْنَا مُوسَىٰ ثَلَاثِينَ لَيْلَةً وَأَتْمَمْنَاهَا بِعَشْرٍ فَتَمَّ مِيقَاتُ رَبِّهِ أَرْبَعِينَ لَيْلَةً”
And We appointed for Muusaa (Moses) thirty nights and added (to the period) ten (more), and he completed the term, appointed by his Lord, of forty nights.[Al-Quraan 7:142]
Imaam As-Sa’dee, may Allaah have mercy upon him, said:
“Once Allaah completed his blessing upon them and saved them from thier enemy, and gave them succession in the land, Allaah Intended to complete his favour upon them by revealing to them a book in which was the legislative rulings and praiseworthy creed, so he appointed to Muusaa عليه السلام thirty night’s and completed it with another ten so it became forty to prepare Muusaa عليه السلام for the promise of Allaah, so that it’s revelation becomes one of great significance amongst them (bani Israaeel) and that he (Muusaa) becomes in a state of anticipation for it.”[Tafseer As-Sa’dee, Pg. 280]
Ibn Katheer, may Allaah have mercy upon him, said:
“Indeed the interpreters of the Quraan have differed with regards to these ten (mentioned in the Verse) and what they are. The majority (of scholars) say the thirty are Dhul-Qa’dah and the ten are Dhul-Hijjah. This was stated by Mujaahid, Masrooq & Ibn ‘Abbaas. So upon this, Muusaa عليه السلام completed his appointed term by the day of An-Nahr (the day of slaughtering) and this is when Muusaa عليه السلام was spoken to by Allaah.”[Tafseer Ibn Katheer – Verse 7:142]